The coyote scientifically called canis latrans are found in the forests, plains and deserts of North and Central America. It is closely related to the eastern wolf and the red wolf though it is larger and more predatory. Due to its wide distribution and abundance It is listed as least concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. They are versatile and able to adapt to man made changes. Cougars and gray wolves are the coyote’s only serious known enemies apart from humans.
Depending on the sex, an average adult coyote weighs around 7 to 20 kg. The males are generally bigger than females. From time to time, a male and female coyote would mate, live, hunt and raise their pus together for many years a few even stay together for life.
Breeding occurs in late winter. After 63 days gestation, an average of four pups are born from early April to late May however population density and availability of food can greatly affect litter size.
The young are principally cared for by the female; occasionally a non breeding sibling will assist with raising the litter.
Coyotes are opportunist feeders who hunt and scavenge for food. They eat any small animal they can capture, including mice, rats, gophers, mountain beavers, rabbits, and squirrels, also snakes, lizards, frogs, fish, birds, and animal carcass. Grass, fruits, and berries are eaten during summer and fall. Deciding how many times a day do coyotes eat; it is believed that coyotes eat as often as necessary. When they have had their fill they return on successive days to finish it off.
Coyotes generally avoid humans, however when humans throw food around the area where they are easily accessible to coyotes, it attracts them to human neighborhoods.
It is not advisable to deliberately deliberately feed a coyote. This habit gets them accustomed to people and will ultimately lead to their demise because instead of learning to hunt and forage, they would learn to depend on humans for food which is not sustainable.